地图

主题 地图
时间 1832-1986
关键字(s) 地图, Transportation, Topography, Map symbols, Ohio, United States
年级(s) 1-3
学习标准(年代) Ohio Social Studies: Grade 1, Content St和ards 2, 4

Ohio Social Studies: Grade 2, Content St和ards 2, 5

Ohio Social Studies: Grade 3, Content St和ards 2, 3

地图 show us how the world looks today 和 how it looked in the past. They help us locate 和 identify places like cities 和 states; find geographic features like lakes 和 山; 和 see where places are in relationship to others.

Three common types of maps include (source: http://mocomi.com/types-of-maps/):

  • Political: shows state 和 national boundaries without topographic features; show location of cities
  • Physical: shows physical features of a place, 包括河流, 山, 森林和湖泊, 通过使用不同的颜色(e.g. 水是蓝色的,山是棕色的
  • Road: shows roads, highways or railroads in an area; usually used for direction purposes

You can interpret a map by using a title, key (symbols), alphanumeric grid 和 cardinal directions.

  • Title: What area of the world is the map showing?
  • Key: What do the symbols 和 colors used on the map 的意思是?
    • Cities of different population size may be denoted by different shapes
    • Colors can show elevation 和 natural features
    • 线表示政治边界
  • Alphanumeric grid: 如何 can I more easily find a specific place within a map?
    • Some maps list locations you can find on them, including alphanumeric coordinates that allow you to find the place of interest on the map.
  • Cardinal directions: Where is one place in relationship to another?
    • 北,东,南,西

After the primary source items, you will find an 额外的资源 和一个列表 教学指导 that includes discussion questions 和 classroom activities.

主要来源设置

1901年俄亥俄铁路地图预览

1901年俄亥俄铁路地图

Contributed by 哥伦布 Metropolitan Library

1939年俄亥俄公路地图预览

1939年俄亥俄公路地图

Contributed by 哥伦布 Metropolitan Library

显示森林地区的俄亥俄地图 Preview

显示森林地区的俄亥俄地图

由俄亥俄历史联系提供

1857年俄亥俄铁路地图预览

1857年俄亥俄铁路地图

Contributed by 哥伦布 Metropolitan Library

Map of Ohio showing the topography of the state Preview

Map of Ohio showing the topography of the state

由俄亥俄历史联系提供

俄亥俄地下铁路线路图 Preview

俄亥俄地下铁路线路图

由俄亥俄历史联系提供

1870年hi合乐8最新网站和印第安纳州县地图预览

1870年hi合乐8最新网站和印第安纳州的县级地图

Contributed by 哥伦布 Metropolitan Library

肯特州立大学校园图,1986年 Preview

肯特州立大学校园图,1986年

肯特州立大学捐助

hi合乐8最新网站赞斯维尔1936年地图预览

hi合乐8最新网站赞斯维尔1936年地图

由俄亥俄历史联系提供

Insurance maps of Clevel和, Ohio (Sanborn, 1886) V. 2预览

Insurance maps of Clevel和, Ohio (Sanborn, 1886) V. 2

由克利夫兰公共图书馆提供

额外的资源

  1. Analyze a Map worksheet, National Archives 和 Records Administration: Worksheet for novice/younger/ESL students asks general questions to explore 和 analyze map.
  2. Analyze a Map worksheet, National Archives 和 Records Administration: Worksheet for intermediate/secondary students asks general questions to explore 和 analyze maps.
  3. 开始 with 地图 in the Classroom, Library of Congress: 博客 post provides ideas 和 resources for using maps in the classroom.
  4. Historic 地图 in K-12 Classrooms, The Newberry Library: A set of maps 和 related activities to help K-12 teachers use maps in the classroom. Covers several topics 和 lesson plans designed to accommodate four age groups.
  5. Introduction to the Sanborn Map Collection, Library of Congress: 概述 of Sanborn maps, including what they are 和 how to interpret them.
  6. Teaching with 地图, National Education Association: Lesson plans, classroom activities 和 resources featuring maps. 包括k - 12年级.

教学指导

This guide will serve to outline some possible ways to interact with the digital content 和 has suggestions to have students pull information from the examples listed above.

讨论问题(下载)

  1. 比较 1901年俄亥俄铁路地图, 1939年俄亥俄公路地图显示森林地区的俄亥俄地图. 他们提供什么信息? 它们有何相似之处?? 它们有什么不同? Describe a time when you would use one of these maps over another.
  2. 比较 1832年俄亥俄地图1857年俄亥俄铁路地图. Are there locations on one map that aren’t on another? 你认为是什么原因?
  3. 是什么 俄亥俄地下铁路线路图 tell you about the paths runaway slaves took to reach freedom in the northern United States or Canada? Which areas of the state were the most active?
  4. 看一下 1870年hi合乐8最新网站和印第安纳州的县级地图 找到你居住的城市或县. Describe where your city or county is in relationship to Clevel和, 辛辛那提, 哥伦布, Toledo 和/or Marietta using cardinal directions.
  5. 如何 肯特州立大学校园图,1986年 differ from some of the other maps in this primary source set?
  6. 查看 hi合乐8最新网站赞斯维尔1936年的地图. What can you learn from a city map versus a state or country map? 具体是什么, 包括兴趣点, 你可以从这张地图上了解赞斯维尔?
  7. Map of Ohio showing the topography of the state 地图物理的或政治的地图? 它让你了解俄亥俄的什么?
  8. 上面不同的颜色代表什么 美国地形图 的意思是? 你怎么知道的? 如何 does Ohio compare with Florida 和 Colorado?
  9. 是否 地图VI美国1877年 look different from modern maps of the United States? 如何? 你认为这是为什么?
  10. 检查 Insurance maps of Clevel和, Ohio  (Sanborn, 1886) V. 2. 不同的颜色表示什么? Why would this information be important or helpful for insurance companies?

 

课堂活动(下载)

  1. Have students draw maps of a location of their choosing (e.g. bedroom, house, neighborhood, school, state, etc.). 取决于他们的年级水平, 要求他们包括主要方向, 一个关键, 和 alphanumeric grid that allows them to describe 和/or point to different areas in their map. The instructor may choose to create a classroom map either with the class or before class as an example h和out.
  2. Have students select a map 和 either independently or in groups, 完成NARA analysis a Map工作表. Extension: Ask students to find maps on hi合乐8最新网站 not included in primary source set to analyze.
  3. Ask students to review each map 和 identify its type: political, physical, road, other. Ask them to explain the reasoning behind their answer.